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Analytical Methods

Abraham, E. R., Law, C.S., Boyd, P.W., Lavender, S.J., Maldonado, M.T., Bowie, A.R. (2000). Importance of stirring in the development of an iron-fertilized phytoplankton bloom. Nature 407, 727-730.
Bach, L.T., Boyd, P.W. (2021). Seeking natural analogs to fast-forward the assessment of marine CO2 removal PNAS Perspective, 118(40), e2106147118.
Westberry, T.K., Behrenfeld, M.J., Milligan, A.J., Doney, S.C. (2013). Retrospective satellite ocean color analysis of purposeful and natural ocean iron fertilization Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers 73, 1-16.

Atmospheric Transport of Iron

Baker, A. R., Jickells, T.D., Witt, M., Linge, K.L. (2006). Trends in the solubility of iron, aluminium, manganese and phosphorus in aerosol collected over the Atlantic Ocean. Marine Chem. 98, 43-58.
Baker, A. R., Kelly, S.D., Biswas, K.F., Witt, M., Jickells, T.D. (2003). Atmospheric deposition of nutrients to the Atlantic Ocean. Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, doi:10.1029/2003GL018518.
Bonnet, S., Guieu, C. (2004). Dissolution of atmospheric iron in seawater. Geophys. Res. Lett. 31, doi:10.1029/2003GL018423.
Bopp, L., Kohfeld, K. E., Le Quéré, C., Aumont, O. (2003). Dust impact on marine biota and atmospheric CO2 during glacial periods. Paleoceanography 18, doi:10.1029/2002PA000810.
Duce, R. A., Tindale, N. W. (1991). Atmospheric transport of iron and its deposition in the ocean. Limnol. Oceanogr. 36,1715-1726.
Erickson, D. J., Hernandez, J.L., Ginoux, P., Gregg, W.W., McClain, C., Christian, C.. (2002). Atmospheric iron delivery and surface ocean biological activity in the Southern Ocean and Patagonian region Geophysical Research Letters, 30:12, 1609.
Lunt, D. J., Valdes, P. J. (2002). Dust deposition and provenance at the Last Glacial Maximum and present day. Geophys. Res. Lett. 29, doi:10.1029/2002GL015656.
Meskhidze, N., Chameides, W. L., Nenes, A. (2005). Dust and pollution: A recipe for enhanced ocean fertilization? J. Geophys. Res. 110, doi:10.1029/2004JD005082.
Neuer, S. et al. (2004). Dust deposition pulses to the eastern subtropical North Atlantic gyre: Does ocean’s biogeochemistry respond? Glob. Biogeochem. Cycles 18, doi:10.1029/2004GB002228.

Carbon Credits

Boyd, P.W., Bach, L., Holden, R., Turney, C. (2023). Redesign carbon-removal offsets to help the planet Nature, 620, 947-949.
Chisholm, S. W., Falkowski, P. G., Cullen, J. J. (2001). Dis-crediting ocean fertilization. Science 294, 309-310.
Johnson, K. S., Karl, D. M. (2002). Is ocean fertilization credible or creditable? Science 296, 467-468.

Climate Mitigation

Babakhani, P., Phenrat, T., Baalousha, M., Soratana, K., Peacock, C.L., Twining, B.S., Hochella Jr., M.F. (2022). Potential use of engineered nanoparticles in ocean fertilization for large-scale atmospheric carbon dioxide removal Nature Nanotechnology, DOI: 10.1038/s41565-022-01226-w
Buesseler, K., Chai, F., Karl, D., Ramakrishna, K., Satterfield, T., Siegel, D., Smith, S., Webb R., Wells, M., Yoon, J-E., ExOIS Group (2022). Ocean iron fertilization: assessing its potential as a climate solution Exploring Ocean Iron Solutions Group
Buesseler, K., Leinen, M., Ramakrishna, K. (2022). Removing carbon dioxide: first, do not harm Nature Correspondence, 606, 864.
Charette, M. A., Buesseler, K. O. (2000). Does iron fertilization lead to rapid carbon export in the Southern Ocean? Geochem. Geophys., Geosys. 1, 2000GC000069.
Fuhrman, J., C. Bergero, M. Weber, S. Monteith, F.M. Wang, A.F. Clarens, S.C. Doney, W. Shobe, and H. McJeon (2023). Diverse carbon dioxide removal approaches could reduce impacts on the energy–water–land system Nature Climate Change, 13, 341–350
Gattuso, J-P., Magnan, A.K., Bopp, L., Cheung, W.W.L., Duarte, C.M., Hinkel, J., Mcleod, E., Micheli, F., Oschlies, A., Williamson, P., Billé, R., Chalastani, V.I., Gates, R.D., Irisson, J-O., Middelburg, J.J., Pörtner, H-O., Rau, G.H. (2018). Ocean solutions to address climate change and its effects on marine ecosystems Frontiers in Marine Science